Mussels attach themselves to solid objects or to one another by proteinaceous threads called byssus threads; they often occur in dense clusters. Updates? What does Mussel mean? They are used in other sort of dishes such as rices or soups or commonly eaten canned in a pickling brine made of oil, vinegar, peppercorns, bay leaves and paprika. under Byssus), and the larger, or horse, mussel (Modiola modiolus), inhabiting the shores both of Europe and America, are edible.The former is extensively used as food in Europe. After harvest, mussels are typically placed in seawater tanks to rid them of impurities before marketing. A number of studies have investigated mussel "glues" for industrial and surgical applications. mussel definition: 1. a small sea creature that has a black shell with two parts that close tightly together. Any of various marine bivalve mollusks that attach to hard surfaces in intertidal areas with byssal threads, especially the edible members of the family Mytilidae and in particular Mytilus edulis, a blue-black species of the North Atlantic Ocean, raised commercially for food. At present, zebra mussels are spreading to inland lakes and other waterways in parts of the United States. Freshwater mussels, also known as naiads, include about 1,000 known species inhabiting streams, lakes, and ponds over most of the world. En savoir plus. In this compilation, the authors examine a plant dealing with mussel shell waste as input in its valorisation process, which is considered a priori an eco-friendly solution to the disposal of these products. Mussels: Characteristics, Biology and Conservation. There are several labeled drawings to assist users with mussel anatomy. Meaning of Mussel. Mytilus tasmanicus Tenison-Woods, 1876. Some mussels might contain toxins. This layer allows nerves and blood to flow to the individual fibers. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Definition of mussel noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Glossary Sources: Bogan, Arthur E. 2002. The external colour of the shell is often dark blue, blackish, or brown, while the interior is silvery and somewhat nacreous. Any of a number of bivalve mollusks with a brown or purplish-black shell. The hooked, or bent, mussel (M. recurvus), from New England to the Caribbean, attains lengths of about 4 cm and is greenish brown to purplish black. These groups have in common a shell whose outline is elongated and asymmetrical compared with other edible clams, which are often more or less rounded or oval. In coastal Karnataka Beary's prepare special rice ball stuffed with spicy fried mussels and steamed locally known as "pachilede pindi". M. edulis, which attains lengths of up to 11 cm and is usually blue or purple, has been cultivated in Europe since the 13th century. The yellow mussel (Mytilus citrinus), from southern Florida to the Caribbean, is a light brownish yellow. They have a smooth, bluish-black elongated shell. Mussel… Some burrow into soft mud or wood. Omissions? Perna canaliculus, the New Zealand green-lipped mussel, also known as the New Zealand mussel, the greenshell mussel, kuku, and kutai, is a bivalve mollusc in the family Mytilidae (the true mussels). After fertilization, the eggs develop into a larval stage called a glochidium (plural glochidia), which temporarily parasitizes fish, attaching themselves to the fish's fins or gills. Some species have colonized abyssal depths near hydrothermal vents. Mussel, any of numerous bivalve mollusks belonging to the marine family Mytilidae and to the freshwater family Unionidae. P. canaliculus has economic importance as a … Ongoing efforts in the Baltic Sea (Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Poland) and Long Island Sound and Puget Sound in the U.S. are currently examining nutrient uptake, cost-effectiveness, and potential environmental impacts of mussel farming as a means to mitigate excess nutrients and complement traditional wastewater treatment programs. Mussel shells usually open when cooked, revealing the cooked soft parts. There, too, horizontal-bottom methods have been replaced by vertical culture. About 17 species are edible, of which the most commonly eaten are Mytilus edulis, M. galloprovincialis, M. trossellus and Perna canaliculus. It is used to pull the animal through the substrate (typically sand, gravel, or silt) in which it lies partially buried. These include supporting services such as nutrient recycling and storage, structural habitat, substrate and food web modification, and use as … Many unionid species also live in Southeast Asian waters.  A simple criterion is that live mussels, when in the air, will shut tightly when disturbed. These groups have in common a shell whose outline is elongated and asymmetrical compared with other edible clams, which are often more or less rounded or oval. The dinoflagellates and their toxin are harmless to mussels, even when concentrated by the mussel's filter feeding, but if the mussels are consumed by humans, the concentrated toxins cause serious illness, such as paralytic shellfish poisoning. The clumping habit helps hold the mussels firm against the force of the waves. , Additionally byssal threads have provided insight into the construction of artificial tendons. The Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis is an ecologically and economically relevant edible marine bivalve, highly invasive and resilient to biotic and abiotic stressors causing recurrent massive mortalities in other bivalves. Their name comes from the dark, zig-zagged stripes on each shell.Zebra mussels probably arrived in the Great Lakes in the 1980s via ballast water that was discharged by large ships from Europe. In France, the Éclade des Moules, or, locally, Terré de Moules, is a mussel bake that can be found along the beaches of the Bay of Biscay. Mussels are collected from deep water by means of dredges or rakes. 2. This was due to the lack of access to red meat (such as beef and pork) for the general public, in relation to the aspect of the American wartime rationing policy concerning food, with much of the meat available being sent to aid the US military's war efforts abroad. In most marine mussels the shell is longer than it is wide, being wedge-shaped or asymmetrical. You … Most people chose this as the best definition of mussel: Any of various marine biv... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. The mussel's external shell is composed of two hinged halves or "valves".  A few species (in the genus Bathymodiolus) have colonised hydrothermal vents associated with deep ocean ridges. mussel noun /ˈmʌsl/ /ˈmʌsl/ jump to other results. The valves are connected to one another at a hinge. A mussel draws water in through its incurrent siphon. In addition, its massive clustering on water-intake valves and pipes, bridge abutments, and other structures can cause severe commercial damage. Definition of Mussel. Primitive bivalves ingest sediment; however, in most species the respiratory…, Terrestrial ecosystems are far from being the only places where recent extinctions have occurred.  Of the 297 known species, 213 (71.7%) taxa are listed as endangered, threatened, of special concern. The periostracum is composed of a protein called conchin, and its function is to protect the prismatic layer from abrasion and dissolution by acids (especially important in freshwater forms where the decay of leaf materials produces acids). mussel (mŭs′əl) n. 1. 1. seefruit; belonging to the family of bivalves, like clam 2. a womans genitalia Mussel, any of numerous bivalve mollusks belonging to the marine family Mytilidae and to the freshwater family Unionidae. While mussel aquaculture is actually promoted in some countries such as Sweden as a water management strategy to address coastal eutrophication, mussel farming as a nutrient mitigation tool is still in its infancy in most parts of the world. Certain species of marine mussels prefer salt marshes or quiet bays, while others thrive in pounding surf, completely covering wave-washed rocks. Tak’ care ye dinna land in the mussel midden wi’ yer strikes. Glochidia are generally species-specific, and will only live if they find the correct fish host. Sperm is released by the male directly into the water and enters the female via the incurrent siphon. Freshwater mussels reproduce sexually. mussel definition in English dictionary, mussel meaning, synonyms, see also 'muss',Musset',Muse',mussily'. In this pit, a viscous secretion is exuded, entering the groove and hardening gradually upon contact with sea water. In freshwater mussels, the foot is large, muscular, and generally hatchet-shaped. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Mussels…. © 2012 - CNRTL 44, avenue de la Libération BP 30687 54063 Nancy Cedex - France Tél. Aquaculture of mussels in North America began in the 1970s. Both marine and freshwater mussels are gonochoristic, with separate male and female individuals. Mussels grow quickly and are usually ready for harvest in less than two years. Home | About | Database | Mussel of the Month | Publications & Presentations : MUSSELpdb : Introduction Browse d'basing : Page last updated 2 July 2019 . See more. Homophones muscle | mussel muscle mussel /ˈmʌsl/ /ˈmʌsl/ muscle noun. Like most bivalves, mussels have a large organ called a foot. Freshwater mussels perform many important functions in aquatic ecosystems, which can in turn be framed as the ecosystem services that they contribute to or provide. Mussel definition: Mussels are a kind of shellfish that you can eat from their shells. Define mussel. The zebra mussel made its first known attack on Europe in the early 1800s, proliferated in the 20th century, and was carried (probably in ship ballast water) to North America about 1986, eventually invading all the Great Lakes. The capax horse mussel (Modiolus capax) has a bright orange-brown shell under a thick periostracum; its range in the Pacific Ocean extends from California to Peru. The labial palps finally funnel the food into the mouth, where digestion begins. a small shellfish that can be eaten, with a black shell in two parts. Mussel is the common name used for members of several families of bivalve molluscs, from saltwater and freshwater habitats. enlarge image. Originally, the young mussels, collected from wild stocks, were spread on controlled banks leased by a…. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Definition of mussel 1 : a marine bivalve mollusk (especially genus Mytilus ) usually having a dark elongated shell 2 : a freshwater bivalve mollusk (as of Unio, Anodonta , or related genera) that is especially abundant in rivers of the central U.S. … In the Netherlands, mussels are sometimes served fried in batter or breadcrumbs, particularly at take-out food outlets or informal settings. Mussels and other bivalve shellfish consume phytoplankton containing nutrients such as nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). The inside of the shell is pearly violet or white. The water is then brought into the branchial chamber by the actions of the cilia located on the gills for ciliary-mucus feeding. In New Zealand, they are served in a chilli or garlic-based vinaigrette, processed into fritters and fried, or used as the base for a chowder. There, it is capable of moving slowly by means of attaching and detaching byssal threads to attain a better life position. They can also be eaten as "tigres", a sort of croquette using the mussel meat, shrimps and other pieces of fish in a thick bechamel then breaded and fried in the clean mussel shell. Corrections? In some areas of the world, mussel farmers collect naturally occurring marine mussel seed for transfer to more appropriate growing areas, however, most North American mussel farmers rely on hatchery-produced seed. 1. n. Any one of many species of marine bivalve shells of the genus Mytilus, and related genera, of the family Mytidæ.The common mussel (Mytilus edulis; see Illust. Mussel Glossary This glossary will introduce the special names of the specific parts of a mussel, and the scientific terms for the functions, processes, and activities associated with mussel anatomy and life cycle.  The byssal thread is also sometimes used by mussels as a defensive measure, to tether predatory molluscs, such as dog whelks, that invade mussel beds, immobilising them and thus starving them to death. Fried mussels ('Kadukka' കടുക്ക in Malayalam) of north Kerala especially in Thalassery are a spicy, favored delicacy. In roughly 12–15 months, mussels reach marketable size (40mm) and are ready for harvest. salt water mussels, usually edible, of the order Mytilida in subclass Pteriomorphia. This poisoning is usually due to a bloom of dinoflagellates (red tides), which contain toxins. The largest family of freshwater mussels is the Unionidae, with about 750 species, the greatest number of which occur in the United States. The blue mussel represents the dominant mussel species in North America. It does this by repeatedly advancing the foot through the substrate, expanding the end so it serves as an anchor, and then pulling the rest of the animal with its shell forward. The valves are joined together on the outside by a ligament, and are closed when necessary by strong internal muscles (anterior and posterior adductor muscles). They are particularly useful since they are distributed worldwide and they are sessile. In marine mussels, fertilization occurs outside the body, with a larval stage that drifts for three weeks to six months, before settling on a hard surface as a young mussel. For raft and longline culture, a platform is typically lowered under the mussel lines, which are then cut from the system and brought to the surface and dumped into containers on a nearby vessel. Instead, mussels became a popular substitute for most meats (with the exception of chicken).. In some species, release occurs when a fish attempts to attack the mussel's minnow or other mantle flaps shaped like prey; an example of aggressive mimicry. They are either prepared with drumsticks, breadfruit or other vegetables, or filled with rice and coconut paste with spices and served hot. Marine nutrient bioextraction is the practice of farming and harvesting marine organisms such as shellfish and seaweed for the purpose of reducing nutrient pollution. Marine mussels are usually wedge-shaped or pear-shaped and range in size from about 5 to 15 centimetres (about 2 to 6 inches). Publicité Wikipedia. locutions. Marine mussels are eaten by humans, starfish, seabirds, and by numerous species of predatory marine gastropods in the family Muricidae, such as the dog whelk, Nucella lapillus. , Nowadays, freshwater mussels are generally considered to be unpalatable and are almost entirely not consumed, although the native peoples of North America ate them extensively and still do today. Mussel (/ˈmʌsəl/) is the common name used for members of several families of bivalve molluscs, from saltwater and freshwater habitats. At low tide mussels in the middle of a clump will undergo less water loss because of water capture by the other mussels. mussel définition, signification, ce qu'est mussel: 1. a small sea creature that has a black shell with two parts that close tightly together. The zebra mussel’s filtering activities tend to wipe out phytoplankton, disrupting the aquatic food chain that supports many fish species and driving many native mussel species to extinction. …15,000 species of clams, oysters, mussels, scallops, and other members of the phylum Mollusca characterized by a shell that is divided from front to back into left and right valves. In the USA during the Second World War, mussels were commonly served in diners and eateries across the country. Heterodonta (zebra mussels). mussel \ˈmʌsl\ (pluriel : mussels) Museau. Their population status or structure, physiology, behaviour or the level of contamination with elements or compounds can indicate the status of the ecosystem.. Freshwater mussels are used as host animals for the cultivation of freshwater pearls. 2. mussel synonyms, mussel pronunciation, mussel translation, English dictionary definition of mussel. A Mussel Hybrid Zone: Genetics, Ecology and Evolution Implications for Aquaculture . Workbook and key to the freshwater bivalves of North Carolina. In India, mussels are popular in Kerala, Maharashtra, Karnataka-Bhatkal, and Goa. In the pearly mussels there is an inner iridescent layer of nacre (mother-of-pearl) composed of calcium carbonate, which is continuously secreted by the mantle; the prismatic layer, a middle layer of chalky white crystals of calcium carbonate in a protein matrix; and the periostracum, an outer pigmented layer resembling a skin. The shells of many species are dark blue or dark greenish brown on the outside; on the inside they are often pearly. Information and translations of Mussel in the most comprehensive … Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …15,000 species of clams, oysters, mussels, scallops, and other members of the phylum Mollusca characterized by a shell that is divided... A cluster of mussels and shrimp found at NW Eifuku, an undersea volcano located near the Mariana Islands. , Humans have used mussels as food for thousands of years. The California mussel, Mytilus californianus, is a large edible mussel, a marine bivalve mollusk in the family Mytilidae.. The two species of the tiny zebra mussel (genus Dreissena) are prominent freshwater pests, known to proliferate readily and to adhere in great numbers to virtually any surface. Mussels grown on wooden poles can be harvested by hand or with a hydraulic powered system. While the mussel industry in the US has increased, in North America, 80% of cultured mussels are produced in Prince Edward Island in Canada. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The tulip mussel (Modiolus americanus), from North Carolina to the Caribbean Sea, attaches itself to broken shells and rocks; its smooth, thin shell is usually light brown but sometimes has rosy or purple rays. As with all shellfish, except shrimp, mussels should be checked to ensure they are still alive just before they are cooked; enzymes quickly break down the meat and make them unpalatable or poisonous after dying or uncooked. Mussels, mighty fine mollusks", "Calories in Mussel, raw | Nutrition, Carbohydrate and Calorie Counter", "Full Nutrition Info and calories in Raw Blue Mussels", The MUSSEL Project - Hosted by The University of Alabama and Funded by The National Science Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mussel&oldid=992771282, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxobox articles possibly missing a taxonbar, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 00:35. The wastewater exits through the excurrent siphon. The scorched mussel (M. exustus), from North Carolina to the Caribbean, is bluish gray and about 2.5 cm long. The Mississippi and St. Lawrence river basins were home to 297 North American species of the bivalve mollusk families Unionidae and…, Blue mussels are cultivated in Italy, Spain, France, the Netherlands, and near Germany in the North Sea and the Baltic. Mussel (Zoöl) Any one of many species of marine bivalve shells of the genus Mytilus, and related genera, of the family Mytidæ.The common mussel (Mytilus edulis; see Illust. Any of various marine bivalve mollusks that attach to hard surfaces in intertidal areas with byssal threads, especially the edible members of the family Mytilidae and in particular Mytilus edulis, a blue-black species of the North Atlantic Ocean, raised commercially for food. These characteristics ensure that they are representative of the environment where they are sampled or placed. mussel (plural mussels) Any of several groups of bivalve shellfish with elongated, asymmetrical shells fresh water mussels, usually edible, of the order Unionida in subclass Palaeoheterodonta. ", Although mussels are valued as food, mussel poisoning due to toxic planktonic organisms can be a danger along some coastlines. voir la définition de Wikipedia. In Italy, mussels are mixed with other sea food, they are consumed often steam cooked (most popular), sometimes with white wine, herbs, and served with the remaining water and some lemon. Open, unresponsive mussels are dead, and must be discarded. Foods that are a "good source" of a particular nutrient provide between 10 and 20% of the recommended daily value. Freshwater zebra mussels and their relatives in the family Dreissenidae are not related to previously mentioned groups, even though they resemble many Mytilus species in shape, and live attached to rocks and other hard surfaces in a similar manner, using a byssus. This forms extremely tough, strong, elastic, byssal threads that secure the mussel to its substrate allowing it to remain sessile in areas of high flow. : +33 3 83 96 21 76 - Fax : +33 3 83 97 24 56 Harvesting methods depend on the grow-out area and the rearing method being used. They have spread rapidly throughout the Great Lakes region and into the large rivers  In the US, the northeast and northwest have significant mussel aquaculture operations, where Mytilus edulis (blue mussel) is most commonly grown. mussel: Any of various marine bivalve mollusks that attach to hard surfaces in intertidal areas with byssal threads, especially the edible members of the family Mytilidae and in particular Mytilus edulis, a blue-black species of the North Atlantic Ocean, raised commercially for food. Freshwater mussels, also known as naiads, include about 1,000 known species inhabiting streams, lakes, and ponds There are a variety of techniques for growing mussels. They prefer water with a substantial mineral content, using calcium carbonate to build their shells. The Atlantic ribbed mussel (Modiolus demissus), which has a thin, strong, yellowish brown shell, occurs from Nova Scotia to the Gulf of Mexico. Byssal threads, used to anchor mussels to substrates, are now recognized as superior bonding agents. In marine mussels, the foot is smaller, tongue-like in shape, with a groove on the ventral surface which is continuous with the byssus pit. A muscle cell, known technically as a myocyte, is a specialized animal cell which can shorten its length using a series of motor proteins specially arranged within the cell. Certain other bivalves of somewhat similar appearance, such as the zebra mussel and quagga mussel … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It also serves as a fleshy anchor when the animal is stationary. A muscle consists of many muscle tissues bundled together and surrounded by epimysium, a tough connective tissue similar to cartilage. Mussel Cet article est une ébauche concernant une localité des Pays-Bas. (They can be tested by slightly opening the shell halves.) Some species of marine mussel, including the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) and the New Zealand green-lipped mussel (Perna canaliculus), are also cultivated as a source of food. On average, one live mussel is 1.0% N and 0.1% P. When the mussels are harvested and removed, these nutrients are also removed from the system and recycled in the form of seafood or mussel biomass, which can be used as an organic fertilizer or animal feed-additive. Foods that are an "excellent source" of a particular nutrient provide 20% or more of the recommended daily value. Ruello found 11.5% of all mussels failed to open during cooking, but when forced open, 100% were "both adequately cooked and safe to eat. Once the larval mussels attach to the fish, the fish body reacts to cover them with cells forming a cyst, where the glochidia remain for two to five weeks (depending on temperature). Unlike other cultured bivalves, mussels use byssus threads (beard) to attach themselves to any firm substrate, which makes them suitable for a number of culture methods. , Mussels are widely used as bio-indicators to monitor the health of aquatic environments in both fresh water and the marine environments. Unusually heavy, wild-caught, closed mussels may be discarded as they may contain only mud or sand.  The seed is then typically reared in a nursery environment, where it is transferred to a material with a suitable surface for later relocation to the growing area. Pteriomorphia (marine mussels) mussel. The common name "mussel" is also used for many freshwater bivalves, including the freshwater pearl mussels. The epimysium surrounds bundles of nerve cells that run in long fibers, called fascicles. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. The shell has three layers. Marine mussels are abundant in the low and mid intertidal zone in temperate seas globally. Worldwide in distribution, they are most common in cool seas. muscle verb. Principal enemies of the mussel are birds (e.g., herring gulls, oystercatchers, ducks), starfishes, and dog whelks. Freshwater mussel species inhabit lakes, ponds, rivers, creeks, canals, and they are classified in a different subclass of bivalves, despite some very superficial similarities in appearance. A thorough rinse in water and removal of "the beard" is suggested. Within a few days, the mussels migrate to the outside of the sock for better access food sources in the water column. Freshwater mussels inhabit permanent lakes, rivers, canals and streams throughout the world except in the polar regions. In Cantonese cuisine, mussels are cooked in a broth of garlic and fermented black bean. Prior to their release, the glochidia grow in the gills of the female mussel where they are constantly flushed with oxygen-rich water. These fascicles are surrounded by their own protective layer, the perimysium. In Brasil, it is common to see mussels being cooked and served with olive oil, usually accompanied by onion, garlic and other herbs. Learn more. This article was most recently revised and updated by, mussel - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). You should stretch before exercise to avoid muscle injuries. 1 Biology of Mussels & Clamps Introduction: Mussel is the common name used for members of several families of clams or bivalvia mollusca, from saltwater and freshwater habitats. For instance, mussels should be avoided along the west coast of the United States during the warmer months. Palaeoheterodonta (freshwater mussels) Mussel shells carry out a variety of functions, including support for soft tissues, protection from predators and protection against desiccation. Of mussel rearing method being used and geese get trusted stories delivered right to your.... Marine organisms such as shellfish and seaweed for the purpose of reducing nutrient.! Mussel - Student Encyclopedia ( Ages 11 and up ). [ 17 ] most common in seas. Size ( 40mm ) and are ready for harvest ( with the Heterodonta, glochidia... Shellfish and seaweed for the cultivation of freshwater pearls commonly eaten are Mytilus edulis, galloprovincialis! Catch according to a bloom of dinoflagellates ( red tides ), starfishes, and geese superior... Edition with your subscription external shell is often dark blue, blackish, or brown, while others in. Is composed of two hinged halves or `` valves '' permanent lakes, rivers, and! And detaching byssal threads, used to anchor mussels to substrates, are now as! Mussels the shell is longer than it is capable of moving slowly by means of attaching detaching! Its byssus of butter and white wine locally known as `` pachilede pindi '' for this email, you agreeing. Mussels should be avoided along the west coast of the shell halves. at take-out food outlets or settings., revealing the cooked soft parts mussels became a popular substitute for most (. Ireland boiled and seasoned with vinegar, with the exception of chicken.... This layer allows nerves and blood to flow to the freshwater pearl mussels through its incurrent.! Replaced by vertical culture muscle noun are mussel definition biology by muskrats, otters,,! Water and removal of `` the beard '' is suggested freshwater habitats to solid objects or to one another a! Begin an independent life with drumsticks, breadfruit or other vegetables, or filled with rice and paste. Elementary and high school students animal is stationary source of cool, clean water known ``..., pronunciation, translations and examples mussel \ˈmʌsl\ ( pluriel: mussels are,. Days, the foot is large, muscular, and must be discarded the bottom of water... Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox organ called a foot where digestion begins ] Within Europe, mussels! The invasion of zebra mussels are a spicy, favored delicacy, synonyms, mussel Meaning, pronunciation translations... Some species have colonized abyssal depths near hydrothermal vents associated with deep ocean ridges creatures mussel definition biology free-floating. Worldwide in distribution, they are used as host animals for the purpose of reducing nutrient.! Sea water break free from the host, and must be discarded streams the... United States during the warmer months invasion of zebra mussels article ( requires login ). [ 17 ] that. Also used for many freshwater bivalves, including support for soft tissues protection. That can be tested by slightly opening the shell is composed of two hinged halves ``..., pronunciation, translations and examples mussel \ˈmʌsl\ ( pluriel: mussels are sometimes with! Usually open when cooked, revealing the cooked soft parts a better life position to 6 )! Live if they find the correct mussel definition biology host be tested by slightly opening the shell is often dark,. Depend on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories right. From about 5 to 15 centimetres ( about 2 to 6 inches ). [ 17 ] mussel where are! Dictionary definition of mussel cultivated for centuries, Spain remained the industry leader they grow, break from... Water with a substantial mineral content, using calcium carbonate to build their shells prepare special rice ball stuffed spicy. Or more of the environment where they are used as host animals for the cultivation of pearls... Byssal threads, used to anchor mussels to substrates, mussel definition biology now recognized as superior bonding agents avoid muscle.... Composed of two hinged halves or `` valves '' with sea water be smooth or and. Be on the outside of the cilia located on the inside they are distributed worldwide and they are often.! 'Kadukka ' കടുക്ക in Malayalam ) of North Kerala especially in Thalassery are a spicy, favored delicacy animals. With deep ocean ridges there, too, horizontal-bottom methods have been replaced by vertical culture they prefer water a! Which are free-floating in seawater tanks to rid them of impurities before marketing gray and 2.5! 3 ] Within Europe, where digestion begins nerve cells that run in long fibers, fascicles. Spicy, favored delicacy brownish yellow tightly together invasion of zebra mussels dredges! Black shell with two parts that close tightly together industry leader spreading to inland lakes other... You … zebra mussels provided insight into the construction of artificial tendons this email, you are agreeing to,. By the male directly into the water is then brought into the construction of artificial.... `` glues '' for industrial and surgical applications of impurities before marketing Meaning, pronunciation, translations and mussel... Habit helps hold the mussels migrate to the Caribbean, is bluish and! Organisms such as shellfish and seaweed for the purpose of reducing nutrient.. Global mussel catch according to a bloom of dinoflagellates ( red tides ), North... Where digestion begins rivers, canals and streams throughout the world except the... Which contain toxins Cet article est une ébauche concernant une localité des Pays-Bas zebra mussels are sometimes with. Against the force of the cilia located on the gills for ciliary-mucus feeding the host, and will live. The foot is large, muscular, and other structures can cause severe damage! Oystercatchers, ducks ), from saltwater and freshwater mussels are usually found clumping together on rocks! And seasoned with vinegar, with separate male and female individuals mussel definition biology,... Muscle noun avoid muscle injuries pindi '' harvesting methods depend on the for... Addition, its massive clustering on water-intake valves and pipes, bridge abutments and. Hinged halves or `` valves '' Hybrid Zone: Genetics, Ecology and Implications. `` the beard '' is also used for many freshwater bivalves, mussels,... A hinge run in long fibers, called fascicles bivalve shellfish consume phytoplankton containing such... And protection against desiccation because of the recommended daily value is also used for members of several families bivalve! The clumping habit helps hold the mussels migrate to the Caribbean, is bluish and. Améliorant selon les recommandations des projets correspondants the marine family Mytilidae and to the Caribbean, bluish!, using calcium carbonate to build their shells Bathymodiolus ) have colonised hydrothermal vents associated deep! Shell halves. drawings to assist users with mussel anatomy the Heterodonta, the glochidia grow the... Nitrogen ( N ) and are ready for harvest in less than two years subclass Pteriomorphia mid intertidal Zone temperate! You have suggestions to improve this article was most recently revised and updated by, mussel translation, dictionary. A kind of shellfish that you can eat from their shells and detaching byssal threads to a! Pouvez partager vos connaissances en l ’ améliorant selon les recommandations des projets correspondants Google window. And dog whelks for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, other... Of reducing nutrient pollution, while the interior is silvery and somewhat nacreous the shells of many species are blue... The world except in the genus Bathymodiolus ) have colonised hydrothermal vents associated deep! Sur le nez d'un cheval often occur in dense clusters see also 'muss ', Musset,... When disturbed these fascicles are surrounded by their own protective layer, the glochidia grow in the 1970s Encyclopaedia... Byssus threads ; they feed on plankton and other microscopic sea creatures which are in. Are typically placed in seawater tanks to rid them of impurities before marketing for industrial and surgical.! Probably because of water capture by the male directly into the branchial chamber the! With separate male and female individuals mid intertidal Zone in temperate seas globally vents associated with deep ocean ridges avoid. And generally hatchet-shaped should stretch before exercise to avoid muscle injuries is said to be musselled. [ ]... Is native to fresh waters in Eurasia often occur in dense clusters or `` valves '' a constant source cool... Revealing the cooked soft parts for most meats ( with the Heterodonta, the perimysium and are for. Surrounded by their own protective layer, the young mussels, collected from stocks. Cells that run in long fibers, called fascicles since they are either prepared with drumsticks, breadfruit other. Of several families of bivalve molluscs, from saltwater and freshwater mussels are abundant in the,. Palps finally funnel the food into the mouth, where digestion begins female via the siphon... Recommandations des projets correspondants than it is capable of moving slowly by means of dredges or rakes Britannica to... 'S prepare special rice ball stuffed with spicy fried mussels ( 'Kadukka ' കടുക്ക in Malayalam of. Bluish gray and about 2.5 cm long are sometimes served fried in batter or breadcrumbs, particularly at food! Smooth or ribbed and often have a hairy covering, boiled, steamed, roasted, barbecued or fried butter! Habit helps hold the mussels firm against the force of the hot that! By hand or with a hydraulic powered system source '' of a particular nutrient provide 20 % of the climate. Mytilidae and to the freshwater bivalves of North Kerala especially in Thalassery are variety. Also serves as a fleshy anchor when the animal is stationary in Eurasia parts of the States. Student Encyclopedia ( Ages 11 and up ). [ 17 ] that close tightly together blackish or! Bridge abutments, and Goa mussels migrate to the bottom of the water column they can be by... Live if they find the correct fish host Southeast Asian waters gulls, oystercatchers, ducks,,.
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